In April 1954, India and the PRC signed an eight-year agreement on Tibet, which became the five principles of peaceful coexistence (or panchsheel). 31 Indeed, the growth rate of Sino-Indian trade had already slowed, from an average of 78% in the first eight years of the 1990s to about 30% per year in the mid-1990s. It had continued to fall in 1997 to 5.2%. In the context of the East Asian financial crisis in the late 1990s, Chinese exports had also experienced a general decline. China`s exports to its major trading partners, such as Japan and South Korea, as well as to its closest ally, Pakistan, have sent a very positive message to India`s policymakers. Even in those difficult months of the summer of 1998, India signed agreements in 1998 for five joint ventures (two in China and three in Hong Kong) with an investment of $8 million and six other joint ventures (one in China and five in Hong Kong) in 1999, with investments of $1.9 million.40 Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao paid an official visit to India from December 15 to 17, 2010, at the invitation of Premier Manmohan Singh.  He was accompanied by 400 Chinese business leaders who wanted to enter into commercial contracts with Indian companies.  During this visit, Premier Wen Jiabao said, “India and China are two highly populated countries with ancient civilizations, the friendship between the two countries has a venerable history that can be traced back 2,000 years.”  Swaran Singh, “China-India Bilateral Trade:” China Perspectives [Online], 62 | November – December 2005, online since 01 December 2008, connection on 04 December 2020. URL: journals.openedition.org/chinaperspectives/2853; DOI: doi.org/10.4000/chinaperspectives.2853 1995, discussions by the India-China Expert Group resulted in an agreement to establish two additional points of contact along the 4,000 km border to facilitate meetings between military personnel. According to reports, both sides were “seriously occupied” with defining the McMahon Line and the Line of Effective Control over military exercises and the prevention of airstrikes. Discussions were held in July in Beijing and New Delhi in August to improve border security, combat cross-border crime and step up troop withdrawals from the border. These discussions have further eased tensions.
 6The recent signing of the April 2005 “general parameters” agreement for its border regime, the opening of a third border trade route through Sikkim in June 2003 and now its discussions on the development of a Free Trade Area (FTA) between China and India remain some of the examples of reducing the deployment of troops on their border and reviving several domestic industries between isolated border communities and Inaccessible. the most 5 regions. It seems that policymakers on both sides have begun to focus more and more on the secondary social and political divisions of their bilateral exchanges. . . .