South Korea has opposed previous free trade agreements, including with the United States. This EU agreement is bigger than that of the United States. But South Korea`s deputy finance minister Hur Kyung-wook said he believed the agreement would come into force in July 2010.  On 22 March 2011, the citizens` group Lawyers for Democratic Society (민사회를 위변호사모임) announced that there were 160 cases of error in the false translation in the Korean version of the document.  The EU-South Korea Free Trade Agreement has been implemented on an interim basis since July 2011, before being formally ratified in December 2015. Negotiations began in May 2007 and were scheduled to conclude in March 2009; However, several issues had to be resolved before the agreement could be reached.  Seven rounds of negotiations on different aspects of the agreements were concluded during which issues were discussed on several issues such as rules of origin, car trade and the authorisation of certain tariff reductions.  Learn more about the practical application of the agreement. Important note: it is important that the declaration is properly completed or can be rejected by customs. Please consider the official text of the original declaration in Schedule III of the official agreement. The text contains explanatory notes and is available in all applicable languages. It went beyond all previous EU agreements to remove trade barriers and was also the EU`s first trade agreement with an Asian country. The agreement removes tariffs on 98% of import duties and trade barriers for industrial products, agricultural products and services over a five-year period.
 It ensures that South Korean vehicle emissions regulations are not harmful to European car manufacturers and contains a clause to protect European car manufacturers.    The free trade agreement covers all major areas of trade relations, including trade in goods, trade in services, public procurement, competition and intellectual property. A joint commission is set up to monitor the agreement and a chapter provides for dispute resolution procedures. In addition, EFTA states and Korea have bilateral agreements on basic agricultural products. An investment agreement has been concluded between Korea on the one hand and Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland on the other. These organizations also provide an opportunity to find solutions to market access problems and to establish closer regulatory cooperation. An annual trade commission at the ministerial level plays a supervisory role and aims to ensure that the agreement works. The free trade agreement between the European Union and South Korea is a free trade agreement between the European Union (EU) and South Korea. The agreement was signed on October 15, 2009.  The agreement was implemented on an interim basis from 1 July 2011 and came into force on 13 December 2015 after being ratified by all signatories.  Trade in processed agricultural products falls under Schedule IV of the main agreement. In addition, trade in agricultural commodities is covered by three bilateral agreements on basic agricultural products negotiated between the state of EFTA concerned and Korea.
These agreements are part of the instruments for creating the free trade area. They are providing concessions on both sides. The EU and South Korea meet regularly to discuss issues and best practices in implementing the agreement.